Effects of Nudging a Privacy Setting Suggestion Algorithm's
Outputs on User Acceptability
(Open Access Version)
(co-authored with Toru Nakamura
Murata (Meiji), Shinsaku Kiyomoto (KDDI Research Inc) and Nobuo
Suzuki (Kindai University), has been published by
A paper titled Superheroes on Screen: Real Life Lessons for Security Debates (Open Access Version) (co-authored with Fareed Ben Youssef, Kiyoshi Murata, and Bruce Schneier) has been published (advanced online version) by Security Journal.
From 1st April 2017 I am underemployed as a part-time lecturer at Meiji University and (unpaid) research associate (and Deputy Director) at the CBIE
From 1st Jan 2020 I am also a part-time research fellow at the CBIE on the EU Horizon 2020 EU-Japan.AI project
I am Deputy Director of the Centre for Business Information Ethics (CBIE) at Meiji University in Tokyo, currently as a part-time research fellow on the EU Horizon 2020 RRING project. I also teach on a contract basis at the Graduate School of Business Administration at Meiji University. My email address is aaa at Meiji (which uses an ac.jp domain name).
My office is Rm 408G of the Global Front Building on Meiji's Surugadai Campus.
I am a member of the following professional societies:
The British Computer Society, through whom I hold the status of CITP (Chartered Information Technology Practitioner)
The ACM: I am currently a member of the Ethics and Plagiarism Committee which reports to the Publications Board. I was previously on the Executive Committee of SIGCAS, the ACM Special Interest Group on Computers and Society, as Chair (from 2011-14) and Past Chair (from 2014-17).
I am also a member of the Asian Privacy Scholars Network, and a co-opted member of its secretariat.
I am a Fellow of the Open Forum Academy.
I have profiles on LinkedIn, Community of Science and Academia.edu.
I have a BSc in Mathematics and Computational Science from the University of Leeds, an MSc in Computer Science also from the University of Leeds, a PhD in Computer Science from the University of St Andrews and an LLM (Masters in Law) in Advanced Legal Studies from the University of Reading.
This is my work page. I maintain a personal stuff page (links for my hobbies and interests, that sort of thing) as well as a blog and a gallery.
My PGP public key.
I am a multi-disciplinary researcher looking at social, legal, and ethical aspects of computer and communications technologies.
I previously engaged in research in computational logic and computer mathematics. See below for details.
Here are details of my current research projects, with details of funding where they are specifically supported. See below for details of completed projects.
Privacy, and related questions of surveillance and security is one of my core interests and areas of expertise.
This project aims to create an international network of organisations involved in RRI (Responsible Research and Innovation), including organisations funding research, performing research and deploying the end results of research.
I have been researching Japanese government identity systems since 2007. As part of this I hosted a JSPS Visiting Fellowship (L12535) by Prof Graham Greenleaf of UNSW from September to December 2012. See my publications list for an article about the new Japanese My Number system. I presented some early work on this at the Net-ID 2009 conference and more recently I presented a talk on An Annotated Timeline of Japanese Government Citizen Registration Schemes at the Third Asian Privacy Scholars Network Conference.
The CBIE had a contract from 2014-2018 with KDDI Research Inc. to support user acceptability research of user-managed personal information usage systems. We continue to collaborate with researchers there and at ATR on an unfunded basis.
Together with Prof Shirley Williams and Prof Naz Rassool of the University of Reading I supervised the PhD of Dr Tharindu Liyanagunawardena on Information communication technologies and distance education in Sri Lanka: a case study of two universities.
Since completing her PhD, Dr Liyanagunawardena has continued working as a researcher while Prof WIlliams has retired, but we continue to collaborate as a group. See my publications list for details of our joint papers. We continue to work on issues including the emergence and maturation of MOOCs, the related issues of Open Educational Resources, and distance higher education in general.
In 2010, the KDDI Research Foundation funded the CBIE to perform "A Comparative Study of Young People's Online Behavior between Japan and the United Kingdom". The primary output of this project was a translation (linguistically and culturally) of the work of Prof Shirley Williams and her team at the School of Systems Engineering, University of Reading on training materials for students about managing their digital identity. In addition to translating their original material into Japanese for university students, the CBIE produced a version for junior high school and high school students in Japan.
I have continued to work on the issues of digital identity with Prof Williams and others, including recent work on shared identities and secret identities.
The Asian Privacy Scholars 4th International Conference on Privacy in the Social Networked World was held at Meiji University in Tokyo in July 2014.
I am a co-opted member of the APSN secretariat, which oversees membership and conference organsation.
The Asian Privacy Scholars 2nd International Conference on Privacy in the Social Networked World was held at Meiji University in Tokyo in November 2012.
I regularly attend the following ongoing series of conferences/workshops:
ETHICOMP Computer Ethics
CEPE Computer Ethics Philosophical Enquiry
GikII Geek Law
Here are details of my prior research projects, with details of funding where they are specifically supported. See above for details of my current projects. My move from the UK to Japan in April 2010 means that some of these projects were completed by others after I left.
I was one of the co-Investigators on the MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan) Programme for Strategic Research Bases at Private Universities (2012-16) project "Organisational Information Ethics" (S1291006).
I was the Principal Investigator on a JSPS grant Organisational and Individual Behaviour, and Personal Information Protection in the Age of Social Media (Kakenhi (B) 24330127) investigating the legal, business, technological and social rules influencing issues of privacy.
The UK's EPSRC supported visits to Meiji University from 2008-2010 to collaborate with Prof Murata and Dr Orito with the grant Anglo-Japanese Information Ethics: Comparisons and Cross-Fertilisation (EP/G069808/1).
EPSRC Project REASON (EP/C533402)
Dr Ferryman, Dr Wei and I collaborated at the University of Reading on this EPSRC project, along with academics at UCL and Kingston University.
EU Framework 7 Security Theme project SUBITO (FP7-218004)
This project, which started in January 2009, aimed to develop automated systems to support the identification of separated items, particularly in transport hubs and other high risk sites. Separated items are almost always lost luggage or carelessly dropped large litter. However, the use of explosive devices by various terrorist groups necessitate a cautious approach to separated items. Quick automatic support in identifying the activities of depositors of separated items will allow false alarms to be quickly and efficiently dealt with while causing minimal disruption to services, without abandoning caution and safety.
Partners included: SELEX S&AS (part of Finnmeccanica), the French Atomic Energy Commission and the University of Leeds.
EU Framework 7 Security Theme project EFFISEC (FP7-217991)
Starting early 2009, this project had the objective of improving the efficient monitoring of travellers in land and maritime border control areas.
Partners included: SAGEM Defense and Security division, Thales, the Swedish Defence Research Agency, the Romanian Border Police and the Port of Lisbon.
EU Framework 7 Security Theme project IMSK (FP7-218038)
Starting early 2009 this project developed an integrated mobile security kit which will allow the economically efficient increase of security for one-off or short term events such as major sports championships or international political meetings (G8, CHOGM) without either the expense or the risk to privacy of a permanent installation of surveillance equipment. Improved security will also be expected from the flexible combination of appropriate subsystems targetted to the specific threats in place, the layout of the site and the type of event.
Partners included: Saab AB, Telespazio, the French Ministry of the Interior and the German Football League.
EU PASR Project BIO3R (2007-9):
Bioterrorism: Resilience, Research, Reaction (BIO3R) was a supporting action grant under the EU's Preparatory Action for Security Research mechanism. I was the Principal Investigator at The University of Reading on this project, leading the Workpackage 440 (Ethical and Legal Issues), collaborating with Universitaetsklinikum Bonn and Nomisma S.p.A..
EU PASR Project EuropCop (2007-8):
EuropCop: the European Pedestrian Policeman is an EU PASR supporting action grant. I was the principal investigator at Reading on this project. Reading leads the Workpackage 240 (Social, legal and ethical issues), collaborating with FRS, TNO and the French Interior Ministry.
EU PASR Project ISCAPS (2005-7):
ISCAPS: Integrated Surveillance of Crowded and Public Areas was an EU PASR project grant. The Principal Investigator at Reading was Dr James Ferryman. I was the leader of workpackage 230 (Social, Legal and Ethical Aspects). The University of Reading was involved in many of the other workpackages in this project.
The French CIGREF Foundation (a recently created research foundation funded by the French Information Systems companies industry body CIGREF) funded the CBIE to investigate the emerging ethical values of digital object usage in southeast Asia as part of their ISD research programme. In this project, I collaborated with:
Prof K. Murata (Meiji University);
Dr Y. Orito (Ehime University);
Dr Y. Takahashi (Senshu University);
Dr R. Asai (Meiji University and Uppsala University);
Dr T. Lennerfors (Meiji University and Uppsala University);
Prof K. Shi (Chinese Academy of Sciences);
Ms C. Cui (Renmin University of China);
Prof J. Lee ( Kyung Hee Cyber University);
Prof S. Williams (University of Reading);
Mr P. Parslow (University of Reading).
We deployed online surveys in English, Japanese, Korean and (Simplified) Chinese asking a broad range of questions about responders use of electronic equipment from video recording devices to smartphones to games consoles to PCs, and their activities and attitudes to the digital information they purchased, used and created using these devices.
I promote the digital rights of ordinary people wherever I can in my work and am involved in a small way in various approaches to this.
I am one of the Founding 1000 of the Open Rights Group (ORG) and a member of their legal issues discussion group.
I am an individual member of the Non-Commercial Users Constituency (NCUC) (one of two constituencies of the Non-Commercial Users Stakeholder Group (NCSG) which is part of the Generic Names Supporting Organisation (GNSO) at the The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)).
If you're still reading after that alphabet soup above, NCUC provides input into the process by which generic top-level domain names like .com (but not country-level domain names like .uk or .jp) are run, acting to present the interests of individual internet users and other non-commercial entities.
I used to do research in Computer Mathematics, although my focus has now switched to social, legal and ethical implications.
I worked with Dr James Anderson (The University of Reading) and Dr Norbert Voelker (University of Essex) on formal presentations of the TransNumbers related to Dr Anderson's Perspex Machine model of computation.
Higher Order Theorem Proving:
I have worked with a number of different systems including The Coq System (in which I did my PhD) and PVS.
I was involved in the Calculemus Initiative on combining the facilities of theorem provers and computer algebra systems. I was a research fellow at the Universitaet des Saarlandes in 2001 on the EU 5th Framework Calculemus project and held a grant from the UK EPSRC (GR/S15044/01) to continue collaboration with the group of Prof Siekmann there.
Mathematical Knowledge Management:
I was a member of the EU 5th Framework project MKMNet (including UK EPSRC funding on grant GR/S10919/01) which performed initial investigation into the new area of Mathematical Knowledge Management. See my paper from the MKM '03 conference: Digitisation, Representation and Formalisation for my views on the general direction of this work, called "a manifesto for MKM" by one of the conference referees.
I was the conference chair of the 2006 MKM conference MKM 2006.
Publications list is up to date as of 26th July, 2018.
The theses for my graduate degrees are all available:
INDUCT: A Logical Framework for Induction Over Natural Numbers and Lists Built in SEQUEL (MSc Thesis in Computer Science, The University of Leeds, 1995)
Tools and Techniques for Machine-Assisted Meta-theory (PhD Thesis in Computer Science, The University of St Andrews, 1997)
The Road to the EUCD (LLM Thesis in Law, The University of Reading, 2005)
Unfortunately, my current position at Meiji University does not allow me to supervise research students. There may be possibilities at the CBIE.
I do not have any interest in undergraduate student interns. Emails from Indian Institute of Technology (or similar) students looking for an internship will be ignored.
I have previously taught classes ranging from Information Society (to a range of graduate students at Meiji University) to technical subjects including discrete mathematics, programming design methods and functional programming (to computing and other systems engineering students at the University of Reading).
My email address is aaa at Meiji (which uses an ac.jp domain name).